Otago regional threat assessments


Threat classifications play an important role in monitoring biodiversity and informing conservation actions.

The Department of Conservation | Te Papa Atawhai (DOC) is tasked with managing indigenous species nationally, but regional and district councils have statutory obligations to maintain indigenous biodiversity under the Resource Management Act 1991 (RMA), including to manage the habitats of threatened species.

Nationally, the New Zealand Threat Classification System (NZTCS) is used to assess species and is administered by DOC on behalf of all New Zealanders.

The regional threat classification system leverages off the national assessments in the NZTCS, providing information relevant for the regional context. For example, a key requirement of managing the habitats of threatened species is to understand regional distributions and population sizes.

ORC has completed two regional threat assessments, with plans for more in the near future.



Two bat species were identified as present in, or near, the Otago region: the pekapeka-tou-roa, the long-tailed bat, and pekapeka-tou-poto, the southern lesser short-tailed bat.

In Otago the pekapeka-tou-roa/long-tailed bat (Chalinolobus tuberculatus) was assessed as Regionally Critical, the most severely threatened status, and the pekapeka-tou-poto/southern lesser short-tailed bat (Mystacina tuberculata tuberculata) was assessed as Regionally Data Deficient, due to information lacking so that an assessment was not possible. While the southern lesser short-tailed bat could potentially be present in the Otago region, based on records less than 2 km from the western boundary of Otago and the bat’s flight range, there are no recent records of it in our region.

An additional species, the greater short-tailed bat (Mystacina robusta) was identified as Regionally Extinct. This species has been assessed as Data Deficient in the NZTCS, because it has not been seen since 1967, with this happening outside Otago, although anecdotal reports have occurred more recently from outside the region.

ORC completed the first regional conservation status of bats in 2023, in conjunction with a panel of bat experts from DOC (Moira Pryde), Royal Forest and Bird Protection Society (Catriona Gower), and independent consultants (Dr Gillian Dennis and Dr Ian Davidson-Watts).

Conservation Status of Bat Species in Otago report


Long tailed batPekapeka-tou-roa/long-tailed bat. Photo: Ian Davidson-Watts



A total of 34 reptile species were identified as present in Otago, including 18 skinks, 13 geckos, two marine reptiles (both sea turtles), and tuatara.

In Otago fifteen species were assessed as Regionally Threatened (Regionally Critical: 3; Regionally Endangered: 4; Regionally Vulnerable: 8), sixteen as Regionally At Risk (Regionally Declining: 16), one as Regionally Not Threatened, and two as Regionally Non-resident Native (Regionally Vagrant).

An additional gecko species was identified as Regionally Extinct.

The region was identified as a National Stronghold (>20% national population) for 24 of the 32 (75%) resident taxa, i.e., lizards (skinks and geckos) and tuatara. Eight of these species are regional endemics, meaning they are not found elsewhere, including the Burgan skink (Oligosoma burganae), Grand skink (O. grande), Kawarau gecko (Woodworthia "Cromwell"), Orange-spotted gecko (Mokopirirakau “Roys Peak”), Otago skink (O. otagense), Oteake skink (O. aff. inconspicuum “North Otago”), Schist gecko (W. “Central Otago”), and Raggedy Range gecko (W. “Raggedy”).


ORC completed the first regional conservation status of reptiles in 2023, in conjunction with a panel of reptile experts from the DOC (Dr James Reardon), Southern Scales (Carey Knox) and the University of Otago (Dr Jo Monks).

Conservation Status of Reptile Species in Otago report



Hura te ao gecko (Mokopirirakau galaxias). Photo: Carey Knox 

Related information

Media release: Bats identified as severely threatened in Otago

Media release: Report reveals high risk of extinction to Otago reptiles

The New Zealand Threat Classification System provides a tool for assigning a threat status to candidate species (taxa). This tool has been used to assess the conservation status of groups of plants, animals and fungi. 


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